Nürnberg (or Nuremberg in English) is another beautiful city in the state of Bavaria. The city was first mentioned in 1050 and soon expanded due to its location on key trade routes. The city now has a population of over half a million, 37% of which are from a non-German background (largest non-German populations are from Turkey, Yugoslavia, the Soviet Union, Greece and Italy). The city is perhaps most famously known for its production of Lebkuchen (gingerbread), sausages and handmade toys. The first pocket watches, initially known as Nuremberg eggs, were made here in the 16th century and, in the 19th century, the city became known as the ‘industrial heart’ of Bavaria with companies such as Siemens and MAN (a German mechanical engineering company) establishing a strong base in the city. The city is now known for its performing arts, museums, history and the annual Christmas market.
Top 3 Tourist Attractions:
Kaiserburg Nürnberg (Nuremberg Castle) – The Nuremberg Castle first appeared in documents from 1105. In 1140 King Conrad III started building a second castle on the site which was to be used as a royal residence. When Nuremberg became an Imperial Free City in the 13th century, the castle was passed into the care of the city. The castle suffered severe damage in World War II, with only the Roman double chapel and Sinwell tower remaining entirely intact. Today, the eastern buildings of the castle are used as a youth hostel. The castle is open all year around for visitors to enjoy a guided tour and visit the gardens from April until October.
Germanisches Nationalmuseum – The Germanisches Nationalmuseum is Germany’s largest museum of cultural history. The museum takes visitors on a tour filled with culture and art from ancient times until the present – guided tours are available every day in German and English. The tour starts with pre- and ancient history, when humans learned how to control fire, utilize tools and subsisted from hunting and gathering. The museum features an approximately 120,000 year old hand axe made of flint, medieval tapestries from the 1400s, toys from the 1800s and much, much more!
Justizpalast (Palace of Justice) – The Nuremberg Palace of Justice, constructed in the early 1900s, houses the appellate court, regional court and local court, as well as the prosecutor’s office. Most famously, the building was the location of the Nurember Trials that were held in 1945 until 1949 after World War II. The tour of the Palace of Justice takes visitors through 12 exhibitions: the events leading up to the trials, the international military tribunal, a film, the defendants, the parties to the trial, the course of the trial, the judgement, prosecution of Nazi criminals, a second film, the heritage of Nuremberg, the media and Courtroom 600 (see picture below). Courtroom 600 is still used as a venue for jurisdiction, thus a viewing of this courtroom is only possible if there is no trial being held.
⦁ The most famous person from Nürnberg is Albrecht Dürer, a famous drawer and painter
⦁ In the 1400s Nuremberg was known for its production of metal products (such as armour and cannons) and precision instruments (clocks, compasses, musical instruments)
⦁ Nuremberg was one of the largest urban centres in the Holy Roman Empire
⦁ The Nuremburg International Toy Fair (Spielwarenmesse) is the largest of its kind in the world (see picture below)
⦁ The city hosts a variety of specialist hi-tech fairs every year, visited by experts from all around the world
⦁ The Nuremberg Christmas market attracts over one million visitors each year
⦁ Tinsel was invented in Nuremberg